Galaxy Field Guide For Kids Ages 4-8 Credits

All images in ‘Galaxy Field Guide For Kids Ages 4-8’ came from NASA/ESA and the Hubble Space Telescope. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the government space agency of the United States. The (ESA) is the organization in Europe that conducts space exploration.

NASA and the ESA cooperated to design, launch and maintain the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The telescope was launched by the space shuttle Discovery (STS-31) on 24 April 1990 at 12:33:51 UTC. Hubble was released by the Shuttle’s robotic arm on 26 April at 19:38 UTC.

The acronym UTC is from a French phrase that means Coordinated Universal Time. Years ago, most people used the phrase Greenwich Mean Time. When the English navy ruled the world most ships set their clocks to the time in Greenwich, England. Greenwich Mean Time and UTC are the same. This time became a standard that is now used all over the world and even in outer space.

Many people are needed to create such a complex and wonderful tool as the HST. Many more people are needed to create each of the images contained in this field guide. Every image was a team effort by many people. Their names and the names of the organizations appear in the ‘Galaxy Field Guide For Kids Ages 4-8’ credits list below. The name of the galaxy appears first, followed by the credit.

You can learn more about the Hubble Space Telescope and its continuing mission in the article ‘Hubble Space Telescope Keeps On Truckin’ on the Helioza web site.

Spiral Galaxies

  • M 104 Sombrero – NASA/ESA and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)
  • M 106 – NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), and R. Gendler (for the Hubble Heritage Team). Acknowledgment: J. GaBany
  • M 31 Andromeda – 2002 R. Gendler, Photo by R. Gendler
  • M 77 – NASA, ESA & A. van der Hoeven
  • NGC 1300 – NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)
  • NGC 1073 – NASA & ESA
  • M 101 Pinwheel – Image: European Space Agency & NASA. Acknowledgements: Project Investigators for the original Hubble data: K.D. Kuntz (GSFC), F. Bresolin (University of Hawaii), J. Trauger (JPL), J. Mould (NOAO), and Y.-H. Chu (University of Illinois, Urbana). Image processing: Davide De Martin (ESA/Hubble). CFHT image: Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope/J.-C. Cuillandre/Coelum. NOAO image: George Jacoby, Bruce Bohannan, Mark Hanna/NOAO/AURA/NSF
  • NGC 6217 – NASA, ESA and the Hubble SM4 ERO Team

Elliptical Galaxies

  • NGC 1316 – NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)
  • NGC 5253 – ESA/Hubble & NASA, Acknowledgement: N. Sulzenauer
  • NGC 1132 – NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration. Acknowledgment: M. West (ESO, Chile)

Disk Galaxies

  • NGC 5866 – NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)
  • NGC 4452 – ESA/Hubble & NASA

Lenticular Galaxies

  • NGC 4866 – ESA/Hubble & NASA, Acknowledgement: Gilles Chapdelaine
  • NGC 5010 – ESA/Hubble & NASA

Ring Galaxies

  • Cartwheel Galaxy – ESA/Hubble & NASA
  • Hoag’s Object – NASA/ESA and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)
  • NGC 922 – NASA, ESA, CXC
  • AM 0644-741 – NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI)

Seyfert Galaxies

  • NGC 7742 – Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI/NASA/ESA)
  • NGC 1275 – NASA, ESA and Andy Fabian (University of Cambridge, UK)

Interacting Galaxies

  • Arp 142 Penguin – NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
  • NGC 4676 Mice – NASA, Holland Ford (JHU), the ACS Science Team and ESA
  • NGC 4038, NGC 4039 Antennae – NASA, ESA, Hubble, image processing R. W. Olsen, Federico Pelliccia
  • Arp 148, Mayall’s object – NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration and A. Evans (University of Virginia, Charlottesville/NRAO/Stony Brook University), K. Noll (STScI), and J. Westphal (Caltech)

Dear Reader

I hope you enjoyed looking at these amazing photos of real galaxies as much as I did. While putting together ‘Galaxy Field Guide For Kids Ages 4-8’ I was constantly surprised by each new image. I thought each galaxy was more beautiful and mysterious than the next. The variety is simply breathtaking.

Before the Hubble Space Telescope we knew other galaxies existed, but they were mostly just fuzzy smears on old photographic plates. When Hubble focused on galaxies, the results surprised even the most experienced astronomers.

Our universe is filled with wonders. It seems there are too many to grasp. To me, that means the wonder and excitement will continue for many years to come. If you are interested in astronomy, you have the chance to make many discoveries because there is so much to find.

As much as I like the stars, I also like to hear from my readers. I want to know what you think about ‘Galaxy Field Guide For Kids Ages 4-8.’ What did you like about the book? Were there any parts you didn’t like?

The best way to reach me is through the Contact page here on Another way is to use the comment form. Scroll down to the bottom and register to leave your thoughts. I’d love to hear from you.

You may also tell me what you think by writing a review on Amazon. Just visit one of the Galaxy pages on Amazon and add your own review. When you do write a review, please leave a note on my Contact page so I can thank you personally.

Galaxy Pages on Amazon by Region and Country

Pacific: Australia   Bhārata (India)   Nihon (Japan)

Americas: Brasil (Brazil)   Canada   México (Mexico)   United States

Europe: Deutschland (Germany)   España (Spain)   France   Italia (Italy)   Netherlands   United Kingdom

The following two tabs change content below.

Ray N. Franklin

Owner, SF Writer at Big Leaf, LLC
Ray N. Franklin lives in Fort Collins, Colorado. He has been a software engineer, granola entrepreneur, and internet marketer. Now he edits palindrome anthologies at and writes science fiction. Find him on the Mastodon federation

Latest posts by Ray N. Franklin


Leave a reply